What is an EORI Number?
An EORI number is a unique identifier required for businesses trading goods with the EU. The national customs authority issues it, which must be used by all economic operators involved in cross-border trade.
Any business that plans to import from or export to EU countries must have an EORI number. The process for obtaining an EORI number varies slightly across countries.
What is an EORI Number?
- An EORI number is used to identify economic operators, including businesses and individuals, engaged in cross-border trade within the EU. It serves as a single identification code for customs and tax authorities.
- In many EU countries, having an EORI number is mandatory for any entity involved in international trade. This includes businesses that import or export goods, customs agents, freight forwarders, etc.
- Each EORI number is unique to the holder and is used to track and monitor their customs and trade-related activities.
- When goods are imported or exported, an EORI number is included on customs declarations, ensuring customs authorities can correctly identify and process the shipments.
- Using EORI numbers helps streamline customs procedures and facilitates the movement of goods across EU borders.
- An EORI number obtained in one EU member state is generally valid throughout the EU customs territory, making it easier for businesses engaged in cross-border trade within the EU.
- To obtain an EORI number, businesses or individuals must apply to the customs authorities in the EU member state where they are established or where they first engage in customs activities. The application process typically involves providing specific information about the entity, such as its legal name, address, and tax identification number.
- Non-EU entities that engage in international trade with the EU may also be required to obtain an EORI number to comply with customs regulations. They typically apply for this number in the EU member state, where they first conduct customs activities.
- EORI numbers are generally valid for an indefinite period. Still, businesses need to keep their registration details updated and notify customs authorities of any changes in their circumstances.
- Maintaining an EORI number and complying with customs regulations is essential for avoiding delays and issues in international trade. Please have a valid EORI number to avoid goods being held at customs, additional costs, or other trade disruptions.
Businesses and individuals engaged in international trade within the EU should check with their local customs authorities or the EU Commission’s official website for specific information on obtaining and using EORI numbers, as requirements and procedures may vary slightly from one EU member state to another.
What Countries Are EORI Numbers Used in?
EORI (Economic Operator Registration and Identification) numbers are primarily used in countries that are members of the European Union (EU) and the European Free Trade Association (EFTA). These numbers are employed explicitly for customs and trade-related purposes within the EU and EFTA member states.
An EORI Number is a Unique Identifier
Obtaining an EORI number is a requirement for businesses that wish to act as their own Importer of Record (IOR). Unlike the VAT or tax ID, it is unique to a company and can be used in all customs procedures. It is also necessary for companies that want to use an EU information system called ICS2 (Import Control System Version 2).
The EORI number is helpful because it enables customs authorities to communicate with each other more efficiently. Economic operators can also use it to track shipments and avoid delays or penalties.
While EORI numbers are not required for most shipments, they help prevent delays and provide more accurate information to your customers. To learn more about EORI numbers, visit your country’s European Union website or contact your national customs authority. If you are a business shipping to Europe, you should include an EORI number on your commercial invoice for each shipment.
An EORI is a Requirement
If you are an EU business or individual trading with other countries, it is essential to have an EORI number. This number facilitates customs operations and procedures. You can request one by visiting the website of the country in which you are established. Alternatively, you can register for VAT if you are an EU business, and your existing VAT number will then be used as your EORI number.
An EORI number is a 12-digit number that begins with the two-letter identifier for your country, such as DE123456789000 or GB123456789000. You must include it in all your shipping documents and on the commercial invoice for each shipment. It will help improve efficiency for businesses and customs officials and strengthen safety and security. Traders who do not have an EORI number risk having their shipments held up at customs until they provide the information. This could cost them valuable time and money. To avoid this problem, getting an EORI number before you start trading is vital.
National Customs Authority
An EORI number is a unique identification code for businesses that engage in cross-border trade. The national customs authority issues it and consists of two parts: a country code and an identification code. It allows the customs authorities to identify the business quickly and efficiently. It also enables the European Union to exchange data more rapidly, which increases efficiency for both customs and
The information required to apply for an EORI number varies from country to country. For example, you will need your UK business start date and Standard Industrial Classification code (SIC). You may also be asked for your VAT registration number, government gateway user ID, and password. If you are a branch of a company established in another EU Member State, you must provide the contact details for the parent company or head office.
If you plan to trade with EU countries, you will need an EORI number that starts with GB. You should apply for one now to avoid delays in customs clearance procedures.
An EORI is Free
The EORI number is a unique code for companies importing or exporting goods. It is free to get and requires a formal request. This can be done through the Portal for citizens and business customers or using form 0870. The request must be accompanied by a letter of authorisation signed by the economic operator or their representative.
The format of an EORI is two letters (assigned to the country) and 15 digits. VAT- registered businesses have a longer EORI, which includes their VAT number. These numbers are used in the EU information system ICS2.
Businesses that don’t have an EORI can face penalties, including demurrage charges for storing goods at customs. This can add up quickly and cause cash flow problems for a company. It is essential to have an EORI before shipping goods and to keep it up-to-date. It is also helpful in completing the required forms and documents when importing or exporting goods.
EORI number – Other useful links from our Knowledge Centre:
How to Manage Business Finances Correctly and Efficiently
Unlocking Business Potential: Strategies for Long-term Success
The Impact of Sustainability on Ecommerce Businesses
Remember to Compare Your Business Costs is here to help your business every step of the way from business advice, or saving you time and money on your business purchases such as: